Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Gold and Silver Updates April 9 , 2014 Bankers are using HFT algos to manipulate gold and silver prices ( but we know this , right ? Why would PMs be different from everything else ? ) - Petro - dollar Fading ( Stephen Leeb ) , gold price "managed by Government ( Agnico - Eagle CEO Boyd ) ...... Gold manipulation commentaries ( John Crudele , J.S.Kim ) ..... Chines physical gold demand ( Koos Jansen ) for March 2014 - 559 MT YTD , up 16 percent ..... Jesse's Cafe Americain - Daily Gold and Silver Weekly chart , CME data - note 126,437 ounces withdrawn from Eligible Category on 4/8/14 .....


Leeb sees petro-dollar fading; Boyd acknowledges gold price is 


12:35a ET Wednesday, April 9, 2014
Dear Friend of GATA and Gold:
At King World News fund manager Stephen Leeb sees the world transitioning away from the petro-dollar into a mechanism pricing oil in a basket of currencies:
And Agnico-Eagle CEO Sean Boyd acknowledges that the gold price is "managed" by governments as part of their general intervention in currency markets:
CHRIS POWELL, Secretary/Treasurer
Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee Inc.

John Crudele: Did Goldman use HFT to rig markets for the U.S. 



Goldman Keeps Its 'Flash Boys' Under Wraps

By John Crudele
New York Post
Monday, April 7, 2014
Yep, the stock market is rigged.
I've been explaining this to you for nearly 20 years. But thanks to best-selling author 'Michael Lewis’ intriguing book "Flash Boys," which comes to the same conclusion, a much wider slice of America is talking about it now.
But Lewis' book -- as well-written and riveting as his best-seller "Moneyball" -- touched on only one way the stock market was rigged: through high-frequency trading (HFT).
And the book deals only with how manipulation has been occurring in recent years.
I can't do justice to the "Flash Boys" storytelling here, but Lewis explains in depth how HFT uses faster computers, better cable lines, and closer access to stock markets to jump in front of regular people's trades.
But to me, the very first line of the introduction of "Flash Boys" is the most intriguing thing in the whole book.
Why do I think that? Because it's a topic I wrote about a number of times in 2009 when a guy named Sergey Aleynikov, who developed high-frequency trading programs, was arrested by the FBI for stealing computer code from his employer, Goldman Sachs.
Lewis writes: "I thought it strange, after the financial crisis, in which Goldman had played such an important role, that the only Goldman Sachs employee who had been charged with any sort of crime was the employee who had taken something from Goldman Sachs."
And -- this is the drumroll moment -- Lewis (as I did in my 2009 columns) quotes an FBI agent who said that in the wrong hands, the computer code Aleynikov allegedly stole could be used to "manipulate markets in unfair ways."
"Goldman's were the right hands?" Lewis asked. As Lewis points out, everything the FBI agent knew about high-frequency trading he learned from Goldman.
My question back then, as it is now, is: What was Goldman doing with this code? Why did it react so aggressively to the theft?
And why did the FBI -- which has important stuff like murder and terrorism on its to-do list -- jump into the Aleynikov case within 48 hours of Goldman's complaint when the computer geek's actions really should have been handled in civil court by Goldman's lawyers?
And did Goldman think there was a "fair way" to manipulate markets?
Did Goldman think only it could manipulate markets?
Lewis doesn't get into this, but I think Goldman by 2008 had been using its high-frequency trading program to rig the stock markets. And -- this is the most important part -- it was doing so with the blessing of Uncle Sam, hence the FBI's attentiveness.
That's how Goldman could have made the case that there was a fair way to manipulate the markets. And that's probably what Goldman CEO Lloyd Blankfein meant when he oddly proclaimed in early November 2009 that he (or his company, he wasn't clear) was "doing God's work."
What evidence do I have of this? Back in 2009, I looked through the phone logs of then-Treasury Secretary Hank Paulson, formerly the chief executive of Goldman, and discovered many, many calls between him and Blankfein during the financial crisis.
In a Sept. 29, 2009, column I reported that Paulson spoke almost as frequently with Blankfein during the worst part of the crisis as he did with Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke. And he hardly spoke to any other Wall Street executives.
In the column, I wrote: "On Wednesday, Sept. 17, 2008 ... the stock market performed horribly. By the end of the session, the Dow Jones industrial average tumbled 449 points as investors worried about the nation’s financial system.
"The next morning, Sept. 18, Paulson placed his first call of the day at 6:55 a.m. to Lloyd Blankfein, who succeeded Paulson as CEO of Goldman. It's unclear whether the two connected because Blankfein called Paulson minutes later.
"And then Blankfein placed another call to Paulson at 7:05 a.m. for what looks like a 10-minute conversation.
By 9 a.m., 30 minutes before the markets opened, the two had connected or tried to connect three times.
On Sept. 17 -- the day the market was collapsing -- there were five calls between the pair. It would have been extremely odd if Paulson and Blankfein hadn't talked about wanting to see market strengthen during those three calls early Sept. 18 morning.
But the market didn't open strong on Sept. 18.
Stock prices did, however, begin a miraculous recovery around 1 p.m. that day.
By then rumors were starting to spread about a government bailout of banks, and the market turned on a dime.
Market rigging? Probably, done in a number of ways -- through leaked information and heavy trading through HFT. Wall Street pals who could have purposely changed the momentum of the market.
Was the computer code that Sergey Aleynikov was accused of stealing used during that day's trading? Is that why Goldman knew the code could manipulate markets? Is that why the FBI responded so quickly? I don't have answers, but those are all legitimate questions.
Tim Geithner, who was head of the New York Federal Reserve Bank at this time (and later became treasury secretary) was quoted later in an interview that Washington "was forced to do extraordinary things and, frankly, offensive things to help save the economy."
Was rigging the stock market one of them?
Stay tuned.

SEC lawyer, retiring, says agency too timid with Wall Street misdeeds


By Robert Schmidt
Bloomberg News
Tuesday, April 8, 2014
A trial attorney from the Securities and Exchange Commission said his bosses were too "tentative and fearful" to bring many Wall Street leaders to heel after the 2008 credit crisis, echoing the regulator's outside critics.
James Kidney, who joined the SEC in 1986 and retired this month, offered the critique in a speech at his goodbye party. His remarks hit home with many in the crowd of SEC lawyers and alumni thanks to a part of his resume not publicly known: He had campaigned internally to bring charges against more executives in the agency's 2010 case against Goldman Sachs Group Inc.
The SEC has become "an agency that polices the broken windows on the street level and rarely goes to the penthouse floors," Kidney said, according to a copy of his remarks obtained by Bloomberg News. "On the rare occasions when enforcement does go to the penthouse, good manners are paramount. Tough enforcement, risky enforcement, is subject to extensive negotiation and weakening." ...
... For the full story:

Telegraph notes research on China's huge gold demand by 

GoldMoney's Macleod


China 'Has More Gold Than Official Figures Show'
By Olivia Goldhill
The Telegraph, London
Wednesday, April 9, 2014
China could be holding even more gold than previously realised, according to Alasdair Macleod, a researcher at online precious metals trader GoldMoney.
Official figures from China Gold Association (CGA) show that the Asian superpower consumed 1,176 tonnes of gold in 2013, 41 percent higher than in 2012.
However, about 500 tonnes of gold from Chinese mines and scrap is unaccounted for by the CGA.
Mr Macleod believes the country holds more gold that the stated figures suggest, and in fact consumed 4,843 tonnes in 2013 alone. He raised his estimate after researching Chinese Gold Reports, where he said he found details of the amount of gold vaulted. He said the quantity of vaulted gold has been increasing steadily.
"Nobody had really any idea how much was going into the vaulting figures," Mr Macleod said. "The changes in the level of vaulted gold has been increased on a fairly consistent level almost at exactly the same rate as the increase in deliveries."
Increased levels of gold held by China match with the country's politics, according to Mr Macleod.
"It fits in with what appears to be China’s geo-political strategy when it comes to gold," he said. "China, by having control of a large amount of gold, has leverage in the financial relationship with the West. Owning gold gives power to China over America," he said.
Martin Arnold, director-research analyst at ETF Securities, said that estimates of China's store of gold may well be too low.
"The evidence suggests that China is a very big consumer of gold with a gap in reporting for the last several years. It does point to some build up of stocks.
"China is the world's biggest producer of gold. Not only do they consume all the gold that is mined in the country but are also a net importer. 2013 was a record level -- we're talking several million ounces, to the extent where we're looking at about 35 million ounces in terms of the net gold import," he said.
Mr Arnold said that by owning gold, China diversified its reserves and so is less dependent on US treasuries.
"The US dollar over the past decade or so has been in a period of structural decline so when the public sector invests their holdings, they don't want to hold it all in US treasuries, which are necessarily dollar-based," he said.
China is one of the biggest holders of US treasuries in the world.
"China have got a large foreign exchange reserve with over L3.5 trillion invested around the world and so necessarily a large part of that goes into US treasuries," said Mr Arnold.
Owning a lot of gold to diversify investments means China is not beholden to the political decisions or monetary policy decisions from the United States, he said.

Koos Jansen......

Chinese Gold Demand 559 MT YTD, Up 16 %

In week 13 (24-03-2014/28-03-2014) 36 metric tonnes of gold were withdrawn from the vaults of the Shanghai Gold Exchange. This is the fourth week in a row withdrawals are below the weekly average year to date, which is currently is 43 metric tonnes. Chinese physical demand is dropping from extremely high at the beginning of this year to high in recent weeks. The weekly average of the last four weeks was 35 metric tonnes.

An “at the back of an envelope” calculation: weekly domestic mining is 8.3 tonnes, scrap can’t be more than 5 tonnes (a high estimate), which leaves 21.7 tonnes to be imported per week at recent demand (35 – 8.3 – 5 = 22.7). The year to date weekly average, 43 tonnes, would require to import 29.7 tonnes per week.

That’s it for now, I’m writing a bigger piece on the Chinese gold market in response to recently published analyzes by Alasdair MacleodZero Hedge and Monetary Metals. Stay tuned.


Overview Shanghai Gold Exchange data 2014 week 13

- 36 metric tonnes withdrawn in week 13 (24-03-2014/28-03-2014)
- w/w + 0.66 %
- 559 metric tonnes withdrawn year to date

My research indicates that SGE withdrawals equal Chinese wholesale gold demand. For more information readthis

SGE withdrawals 2014 week 13

This is a screen shot from the weekly Chinese SGE trade report; the second number from the left (blue – 本周交割量) is weekly gold withdrawn from the vaults in Kg, the second number from the right (green – 累计交割量) is the total YTD.

SGE withdrawals week 13 2014

This chart shows SGE gold premiums based on data from the SGE weekly reports (it’s the difference between the SGE gold price in yuan and the international gold price in yuan). It seems as if the change of the premiums on the SGE are the inverse of the direction of the price of gold.

SGE premiums

Below is a screen shot of the premium section of the SGE weekly report; the first column is the date, the third is the international gold price in yuan, the fourth is the SGE price in yuan, and the last is the difference.

SGE premiums

In Gold We trust

Bankers are using HFT algos to manipulate gold and 

silver prices

The financial analyst J.S. Kim, who’s the president of the investment consulting firm SmartKnowledgeU, writes about how everyone is so focused on how bankers use HFT algo programs to shave money off of trades in the stock market but how, as usual, there is complete silence about how they use HFT algos to suppress gold and silver prices in the futures markets.
By J.S. Kim
The following article, that was originally posted here, gets republished here at with the personal authorization given by J.S. Kim.
J.S. Kim is the President and Chief Investment Strategist of SmartKnowledgeU, an independent investment research and wealth consulting firm. His investment newsletter, the Crisis Investment Opportunities newsletter, has yielded positive return every year since its establishment in 2007, easily beating for example the US S&P500 in 2007, 08 and 09. He actively maintains a blog, The Underground Investor, and is the author of the book “Confessions of a Wall Street Insider.” Mr. Kim’s investment strategies don’t rely on fundamental or technical analysis as primary screens to select stocks but instead utilize the strength of corporate-government-banking relationships to predict share prize appreciation. Mr. Kim lives in the U.S. and Southeast Asia.
The One Revalation About HFT Programs that Truly Scares Bankers
by J.S. Kim
Last week, the big story was how bankers use HFT (High Frequency Trading) algorithmic software not only to rig markets but also to commit theft on a daily basis (Frontrunning, like Quantitative Easing, is just fancy Wall Street lingo to disguise its true meaning of theft).  Though many in the public blogosphere expressed shock that stock markets are rigged and that regulators like the Securities Exchange Commission willingly allow this theft to occur, the only thing shocking about this story was how long it took this story to reach the mainstream and that people were crediting Michael Lewis with uncovering this story with his book “Flash Boys” when in reality this story had been discussed in detail on independent financial media sites for more than five years already.
For example, an accounting professor at the Yale School of Management, X. Frank Zhang, calculated that HFT trading was responsible for a minimum of 70% of all daily trading volume in US stock markets and possibly for as much as 78% of the volume in 2009. And HFT algorithmic trading was already dominating daily trading volume on US stock exchanges prior to 2009.  Thus one can clearly see that the only thing “new” about HFT algorithms is that this old news has finally moved into mainstream media headlines.
BATS CEO William O’ Brien, when confronted on MSNBC last week with the fact that HFT algos commit millions of acts that are specifically prohibited by the US Securities and Exchange Commission’s Regulation NMS, a regulation that requires brokers to guarantee customers the best possible execution of price on orders, ludicrously argued that HFT programs have no clients (David Cummings, a computer programmer that worked at the Kansas City Board of Trade, founded BATS, a stock exchange located in Lenexa, Kansas. The core code of BATS was derived from tradebot, a computer program that engages in algorithmic trading). There is only one possible way that O’ Brien’s claim that HFT programs “have no clients” can be true. If the HFT programs were artificially intelligent self-aware programs that made all decisionsindependent of the interests of the people that coded them and the bankers that used them, then perhaps O’Brien’s claim could be partially true. Otherwise, as long as bankers hire programmers to code HFT algorithms and employ them for their benefit and to the disadvantage of their competitors as well as the disadvantage of their clients, then the obvious clients of HFT programs are bankers and the companies that entice bankers to use them. To claim otherwise is simply a flat-out lie.
In any event, the Holy Grail that the bankers are seeking to protect is not that they use HFT programs to rig stock market trading.
The real truth the bankers wish to conceal from the public is that they use HFT programs to suppress gold and silver prices.
If this truth made it into the mainstream news and was being discussed at the same level at which HFT programs being used to rig millions of stock trades is being currently discussed, bankers would have a heart attack. However, do not let the complete media blackout of the banking cartel’s use of HFT algos to control gold and silver prices in the paper derivatives markets lead you to falsely conclude that the use of HFT programs are not critical to gold and silver price suppression.
There have been many instances in the past several years when it has been crystal clear that bankers were using the processing speed of HFT algorithmic programs to create waterfall declines in gold and silver prices that would have been impossible to create without them. In fact nearly six years ago, in 2008, I sent then US CFTC Commissioner Bart Chilton evidence of gold price slams in the New York market that would have been impossible for bankers to create without the use of HFT algorithms. Click on the following link to see the evidence I provided to Bart Chilton back then, in which gold prices literally were slammed at market open in New York in a matter of minutes by $30, $40, $60 and even more, almost always at the same exact time in New York, as well as his reply.
It was Bart’s reply in 2008 in the above link that led me to write him off as possibly being someone that would take action against the bankers’ immoral and unethical use of HFT programs to suppress gold and silver prices in paper derivative markets, and his retirement in December 2013 without any inroads being made to prevent bankers from using HFT algos to artificially slam gold and silver prices confirmed that my assessment six years ago was the correct one. In any event, though back then I couldn’t prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that bankers were using HFT algos to slam the price of gold and silver on the particular days of steep price declines that I presented to Chilton, NANEX has provided data in recent years that confirmed my previous suspicions.  Let’s take a look at a couple of scenarios in which evidence is clear that bankers are using HFT algos to manipulate gold and silver prices, and I will further explain how bankers use HFT algos to create unnatural and artificial, non-free-market rapid waterfall-like declines in gold prices similar to the ones that I presented to Bart Chilton in 2008.
On February 29, 2012, at 10:47:21 the GLD dropped by about 1% in less than 1/3 of a second, and on March 20, 2012 at 13:22:33 (1:22:33 p.m. ET) the quote rate in the ETF symbol SLV sustained a rate exceeding 75,000/sec (75,000 quotes per second) for 25 milliseconds (25 thousands of one second) and also dropped by a significant amount in less than a second. (Source: The Gold Cartel: Government Intervention on Gold, the Mega Bubble in Paper, by Dmitri Speck).   To put this in perspective, if the US S&P 500 index drops by 1% over the course of an entire day’s trading session, this event makes news on the headlines of every mass media US financial website. Now imagine if the S&P500 lost 1% in less than 1/3 of a second, how widely covered such an event would be? So why did these events in the gold and silver markets receive a total blackout from the US mass financial media? And why would artificial quote stuffing rates of 75,000 quotes per second executed by bankers using HFT algorithms allow the price of silver to be manipulated and suppressed? First, consider if humans, and not supercomputers, provided all trade quotes in the SLV. The quote rate would have been less than one every few seconds, and nowhere close to the HFT program rate of 75,000 per second. So what is the purpose of  HFT algo quote stuffing?  To explain it as simply as possible, bankers that use HFT algos to produce quote stuffing events provide quotes that they never expect to execute. In other words, bankers produce quote stuffing events to serve as exploratory probes to see if anyone reacts to the false quotes they produce that are never even real orders. Since bankers use supercomputers located right next to the stock exchanges to run their HFT programs, their goal of providing fake bids (or asks) is to see if there is anyone trying to sell (or buy) at that price.
As a hypothetical example, if the price of silver were falling on a particular day, and the bankers wanted to see if anyone wanted to sell any silver futures contracts at the silver equivalent price of $20.10 an ounce, they could produce a fake bid that amounts to a price of $20.10 per ounce per futures contract. This fake bid then may produce a sell order for 10 contracts and another one for 20 contracts. Since each futures contract represents 5000 ounces of silver, the notional amounts represented by 10 and 20 contracts are respectively over $1MM and $2MM (though the actual costs of the initial and maintenance margins per futures contract are obviously much less due to the leverage ratios of PM futures contracts). So now that the banker run HFT algo knows that a couple of parties are interested in selling silver derivatives at $20.10 an ounce for silver, the HFT algo would immediately withdraw or cancel all of its “exploratory bids” and use this information of selling interest in silver futures contracts to immediately re-price its bid to the silver equivalent price of $20.05 per futures contract. The HFT algo can then “see” if sell orders come back on line reduced to a price that amounts to $20.05 per ounce of silver. However, if the HFT algo spots 1,000 silver futures contracts that exist with orders to sell if silver hits $20 an ounce, the HFT algo will attempt to trigger all the stops if the bankers’ aim is to cause a waterfall price decline in the price of silver and will execute the wash, rinse and repeat cycle time and time again.  In other words, once they know the sellers are chasing the price lower, the bankers would program the HFT algo to again immediately withdraw the bid at $20.05 and re-set it at $20 an ounce knowing that 1,000 more contracts will be automatically triggered to sell at this price and consequently  send the silver price plummeting much lower than $20.  How? Because as the stop losses are triggered, the banker programmed HFT algo can play the same game with those 1,000 orders and make every subsequent sell order chase the price of silver lower. Of course, these HFT algos have been programmed to make these decisions  in milliseconds of time, faster than a human eye can see, and do not have a banker literally instructing the algo to pull bid quotes once a sell order that matches that quote comes in.  Still, a real person had to program an HFT algo to make split-second decisions based upon information it gathers with a specific goal in mind, either to ratchet down gold and silver prices or to ratchet them up higher depending on their clients’ (the bankers) motives. Furthermore, since HFT algos are quote stuffing at rates in the tens of thousands per second, I realize that the step down increments in reality may be smaller but this is just a hypothetical example to provide an idea of how bankers can use HFT algos to rig gold and silver prices lower.
And the beauty of this entire HFT algo scam? Bankers can create a waterfall decline in the price of silver in the above hypothetical scenario before possibly even having to execute a single trade and trigger massive declines in price just by triggering a couple of trades! Thus, in the above scenario, once the orginal two selling parties take the bait and move their sell orders down to $20 an ounce per contract, the silver rout would be on. Using a poker analogy, trading in gold and silver paper derivatives against bankers that use HFT programs is like showing the bankers all of your cards every hand. You simply cwill not win against such a rigged system as long as you fail to realize that the bankers can see your hand through the use of fake quote stuffing. Or in other terms, the rigging is so egregious in gold and silver derivative markets, that if bankers were rigging a poker game in Las Vegas to the degree that they rig gold and silver futures markets, they would be taken into a back room in Vegas by casino security and well, you know the rest of what would happen next.
I suspect that this method of using HFT algos to quote stuff and pull bids (which is illegal for a human to do, but acceptable for a human employing an HFT algo to do, if that makes any sense) is the primary method by which bankers create vacuums in gold and silver derivative markets to create the types of artificially-induced, non-free-market waterfall price declines evident in the charts I sent to Bart Chilton in 2008, and that have happened every year since, especially with great frequency again in 2013. In fact, prior to last year, 2008 was the last year in which the Western banking cartel interfered with gold and silver markets to an excessive level, as can be seen in the below chart in which daily declines in gold’s paper price over 2% in less than 20 minutes spiked to 12 days (chart courtesy of Dmitri Speck of GATA). Again, this happened a dozen times in 2008 and yet was never covered one time by the mainstream financial media. Imagine if the FTSE 100 or the S&P 500 declined by 2% in less than 20 minutes just one time? This would be the lead story of every financial site around the world.

au2in20So now we know why bankers use HFT algos to create fake quotes in gold and silver derivative markets to artificially move prices, but why would bankers have to create 75,000 fake quotes per second? Think of massive volumes of quotes as traffic on a two-lane highway. If there are not many cars, you can get from point A to point B fairly quickly. However, if I wanted to prevent you from reaching your destination and could re-route 75,000 cars to occupy the lanes in front of you, it would obviously take you much longer to reach  your destination. Bankers that use HFT programs to quote stuff essentially have the same goal, but think of the destination in the stock market as the ability to process information. When bankers use HFT programs to create massive volumes of artificial traffic, not only do they effectively slow down the rate of processing information down for all others, but it also raises the cost to process information as well as masks the fraud committed by the HFT programs as no information can be obtained while they provide tens of thousands of fake quotes per second. Thus, the use of HFT algos to quote stuff makes it much more difficult for competing algos, and certainly human beings, to understand that their buy and sell orders are being skimmed for illicit profits by bankers. In other words bankers can use HFT algos to create waterfall declines in gold and silver prices in a step-down manner when they are buying and likewise, when selling, can use them to get traders to chase prices higher in a step-up manner, all without a single trade even executing before prices have been moved well lower or higher.
I have laid out in the graphs below provided by NANEX, evidence of bankers that have used HFT algos to create a step-down price decline in the price of gold on January 6, 2014 from  $1245 to below $1215 in less than a minute. In fact, one can clearly see the HFT algos in action in the step-down price action that happened in gold derivative markets this day as the algo was so precise that it caused the exact same number of total trades in each step-down in price. Furthermore, one can clearly see in the below charts that algo quote stuffing can sometimes cause trading platforms to completely breakdown and come to a complete halt in trading.


I want to make it crystal clear to people that the bankers using these algos and the firms employing these algos are the ones that are stealing from people and profiting from the losses they artificially inflict upon their clients. Bankers always try position all blame for all uncovered fraud and immoral activities solely on “out-of-control” technology as if the technology is somehow beyond their control. The meme that all the mass media has used last week when discussing HFT algos is that it is really not that bad because if it were, it would not be “legal”. Forget about the fact that banking and finance industry lobbyists spent nearly a quarter of a billion dollars in 2013 alone to influence law making and that much of this money is spent to make once illegal behavior legal if it benefits the banks.
In the end, it is not the speed of trading that is the problem but rather how bankers use supercomputers that process and execute information at super speeds to create artificial, fake quotes and steal from people.  Thus the problem lies squarely not with out-of-control technology but with out-of-control unethical bankers that are merely crooks in $3,000 Armani suits. Furthermore, it is not the revelation that bankers are using HFT programs to rig stock markets that scares bankers, but the possibility that the current scrutiny on immoral HFT programs may reveal that bankers use HFT programs to rig the prices of gold and silver that truly puts the fear of God in them. For if this revelation goes mainstream and gold and silver prices are freed from banker executed HFT manipulation, every asset bubble that bankers have created since 2008 will come tumbling down as rapidly as their artificially-created waterfall one-minute price declines in gold and silver futures markets. However, as long as scrutiny remains high on the Western banking cartel’s use of HFT trading algorithms, their ability to use these algos to slam gold and silver prices may very well be temporarily impeded.
Hopefully, the class-action anti-trust lawsuit against the five international banks that set the London daily gold price fixings that was filed the last week of March, 2014 in the  US District Court of New York by the Philadelphia law firm of Berger & Montague and the New York law firm of Quinn, Emanuel, Urquhart, and Sullivan will shed some light on how big global banks have colluded with Central Banks to additionally use HFT programs to fix gold and silver prices lower.

09 APRIL 2014

Gold Daily and Silver Weekly Charts - Who or What Will Let the Dawg Out?

The yellow dawg (gold) is straining at the leash.

Have a pleasant evening.